Turks first lived in Central Asia around BC. Later, some of them left Central Asia and spread around, establishing many states and empires independent from each other within a vast area of Asia and Europe. Dthe Great Seljuk Empireand many others. The Turks started to settle in Anatolia in the early 11th century by way of continual migrations and incursions.
Ottoman Empire The Ottoman beylik's first capital was located Turkish history Bursa in Edirne which was conquered in  was the next capital city. After largely expanding to Europe and Anatolia, inthe Ottomans nearly completed the conquest of the Byzantine Empire by capturing its capital, Constantinople during the reign of Mehmed II.
Constantinople was made the capital city of the Empire following Edirne. The sultan of the golden age, Suleiman the Magnificent. The Ottoman Empire's power and prestige peaked in the 16th and 17th centuries, particularly during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent.
The empire was often at odds with the Holy Roman Empire in its steady advance towards Central Europe through the Balkans and the southern part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Johnfor control of the Mediterranean. In the Indian Oceanthe Ottoman navy frequently confronted Portuguese fleets in order to defend its traditional monopoly over the maritime trade routes between East Asia and Western Europe ; these routes faced new competition with the Portuguese discovery of the Cape of Good Hope in The Treaty of Karlowitz in marked the beginning of Ottoman territorial retreat; some territories were lost by the treaty: Austria received all of Hungary and Transylvania except the Banat; Venice obtained most of Dalmatia along with the Morea the Peloponnesus peninsula in southern Greece ; Poland recovered Podolia.
Anatolia remained multi-ethnic until the early 20th century see Rise of Nationalism under the Ottoman Empire. Faced with territorial losses on all sides the Ottoman Empire under the rule of the Three Pashas forged an alliance with Germany who supported it with troops and equipment.
During the war, major atrocities were committed such as Genocide, mass murder and death marches intentionally denying food and water to the deportees by the Ottoman government against the ArmeniansAssyrians and Pontic Greeks causing millions of deaths and resulting in the Armenian Genocide of On November 1, the newly founded parliament formally abolished the Sultanatethus ending years of Ottoman rule.
The Treaty of Lausanne of July 24,led to the international recognition of the sovereignty of the newly formed "Republic of Turkey" as the successor state of the Ottoman Empire, and the republic was officially proclaimed on October 29,in the new capital of Ankara.
An invasion was threatened in but did not happen and Ankara refused German requests to allow troops to cross its borders into Syria or the USSR. Germany had been its largest trading partner before the war, and Turkey continued to do business with both sides.
It purchased arms from both sides.
The Allies tried to stop German purchases of chrome used in making better steel. Starting in the Allies provided military aid. The Turkish leaders conferred with Roosevelt and Churchill at the Cairo Conference in November,and promised to enter the war.
By Augustwith Germany nearing defeat, Turkey broke off relations.
In Februaryit declared war on Germany and Japan, a symbolic move that allowed Turkey to join the nascent United Nations. The doctrine enunciated American intentions to guarantee the security of Turkey and Greece, and resulted in large-scale U. Following a decade of intercommunal violence on the island of Cyprus and the Greek military coup of Julyoverthrowing President Makarios and installing Nikos Sampson as a dictator, Turkey invaded the Republic of Cyprus in Turkey is the only country that recognises the TRNC  The single-party period was followed by multiparty democracy after "Türk Dil Kurumu – Tarihçe (History of the Turkish Language Association)" (in Turkish).
Archived from the original on "Türkçe Sözlük ()'teki Sözlerin Kökenlerine Ait Sayısal Döküm (Numerical list on the origin of words in Türkçe Sözlük ())" (in Turkish). Turkish Language Association. The history of Turkey encompasses, first, the history of Anatolia before the coming of the Turks and of the civilizations--Hittite, Thracian, Hellenistic, and Byzantine--of which the Turkish nation is the heir by assimilation or example.
The history of Turkey, understood as the history of the region now forming the territory of the Republic of Turkey, includes the history of both Anatolia (the Asian part of Turkey) and Eastern Thrace (the European part of Turkey).
For times predating the Ottoman period, a distinction must be made between the history of the Turkish peoples. Discover the best Turkey History in Best Sellers.
Find the top most popular items in Amazon Books Best Sellers. January - Turkish men are no longer regarded in law as head of the family. The move gives women full legal equality with men, 66 years after women's rights were put on the statute books.
History of Turkey and many ancient civilizations that have settled and left their traces in Anatolia.